Articles

Constitutional Rot, in Can It Happen Here?: Authoritarianism in America, Cass R. Sunstein, ed. (Dey Street Books, forthcoming 2018), SSRN, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2992961.

Constitutional Rot and Constitutional Crisis, __ Maryland L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2018), SSRN, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2993320.

The Three Laws of Robotics in the Age of Big Data, 78 Ohio State L.J. __ (forthcoming 2017), SSRN, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2890965

Democracy and Dysfunction: An Exchange, 50 Indiana L. Rev. 281 (2016), SSRN, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2820202 (with Sanford Levinson).

Which Republican Constitution?, 32 Const. Comm. 31 (2016), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2761513.

Cultural Democracy and the First Amendment, 110 Nw. L. Rev. 1053 (2016), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=2676027.

Information Fiduciaries and the First Amendment, 49 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1183 (2016), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=2675270.

To Alter or Abolish, 89 S. Cal. L. Rev. 399 (2016)(with Sanford Levinson), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2761525

History, Rights, and the Moral Reading, 96 B. U. L. Rev. 1425 (2016), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2762382

The Construction of Original Public Meaning, 31 Const. Comm. 71 (2016), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=2653991.

The Digital Transformation of Education, in EDUCATION AND SOCIAL MEDIA: TOWARD A DIGITAL FUTURE, Greenhow, C., Sonnevend, J. & Agur, C. eds., (MIT Press forthcoming 2016)(with Julia Sonnevend), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2759022.

The Path of Robotics Law, 6 Calif. L. Rev. Circuit 45 (2015), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2586570.

The Framework Model and Constitutional Interpretation, in in Philosophical Foundations of Constitutional Law, David Dyzenhaus and Malcom Thorburn, eds., (Oxford University Press, 2016), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2607105.

Constitutional Change and Interpretation in the United States: The Official and the Unofficial, Jus Politicum, No. 14 (June 2015), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2594925.

The Last Days of Disco: Why The American Political System is Dysfunctional, 94 B.U. L. Rev. 1159 (2014), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2403508.

Why Are Americans Originalist?, in LAW, SOCIETY AND COMMUNITY: SOCIO-LEGAL ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF ROGER COTTERRELL, David Schiff and Richard Nobles, eds. (Ashgate Publishing 2014), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2379587.

Old School/New School Speech Regulation, 127 Harv. L. Rev. 2296 (2014), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2377526.

The New Originalism and the Uses of History, 82 Fordham L. Rev. 641 (2013), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2303980.

Verdi’s High C, 91 Tex. L. Rev. 1687 (2013), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2240496.

The Court Affirms the Social Contract, in The Health Care Case: The Supreme Court’s Decision and Its Implications (Nathaniel Persily, Gillian E. Metzger, and Trevor W. Morrison, eds., Oxford University Press 2013), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2234739.

Must We be Faithful to Original Meaning?, 7 Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies 57 (2013), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2258678.

The American Constitution as “Our Law”, 25 Yale J. L. & Human. 113 (2013), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2247584.

Sanford Levinson’s Second Thoughts About Constitutional Faith, 48 Tulsa L. Rev. 169 (2012), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198740.

The Dangerous Thirteenth Amendment, 112 Colum. L. Rev. 1459 (2012)(with Sanford Levinson), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2115222.

The First Amendment is an Information Policy, 41 Hofstra L. Rev. 1 (2012), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2213465.

Room for Maneuver: Julie Cohen’s Theory of Freedom in the Information State, 6 Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies 79 (2012), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2134553.

The Roots of the Living Constitution, 92 B.U. L. Rev. 1129 (2012), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2049498.

The Distribution of Political Faith, 71 Univ. of Md. L. Rev. 1144 (2012), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2083246.

Nine Perspectives on Living Orignalism, 2012 Univ. of Ill. L. Rev. 815 (2012), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2015088.

Information Power: The Information Society from an Antihumanist Perspective, in THE GLOBAL FLOW OF INFORMATION (Eddan Katz and Ramesh Subramanian, eds., N.Y.U. Press 2011), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1648624.

Morton Horwitz Wrestles with the Rule of Law, in TRANSFORMATIONS IN AMERICAN HISTORY: LAW, IDEOLOGY, POLITICS, AND METHOD, Daniel W. Hamilton and Alfred L. Brophy, eds. (Harvard University Press 2011)(with Sanford Levinson). [pdf] , SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2760321

Commerce, 109 Mich. L. Rev. 1 (2010), pdf, SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1553002.

The Reconstruction Power, 85 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1801 (2010), pdf, SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1558749.

Constitutional Dictatorship: Its Dangers and Its Design, 94 Minnesota L. Rev. 1789 (2010)(with Sanford Levinson), pdf, SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1508666.

The Constitutionality of the Individual Mandate for Health Insurance, New England Journal of Medicine, 10.1056/NEJMp1000087, January 13, 2010, http://healthcarereform.nejm.org/?p=2764&query=home.

The Constitutionality of an Individual Mandate for Health Insurance, Parts I and II, PENNumbra, November 2009, at http://www.pennumbra.com/debates/debate.php?did=23#rebuttal and http://www.pennumbra.com/debates/debate.php?did=23#closing2.

Framework Originalism and the Living Constitution, 103 Nw. L. Rev. 549 (2009), pdf, SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1290869.

The Future of Free Expression in a Digital Age, 36 Pepperdine L. Rev. 707 (2009), pdf, SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1335055.

Constitutional Crises, 157 U. Pa. L. Rev. 427 (2009)(with Sanford Levinson), SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1290869.

Critical Legal Theory Today, in Francis Jay Mootz, ed., ON PHILOSOPHY IN AMERICAN LAW (Cambridge University Press 2009), SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1083846.

Media Access: A Question of Design, 76 George Washington L. Rev. 933 (2008), SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1161990.

The Constitution in the National Surveillance State, 93 Minnesota L. Rev. 1 (2008), SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1141524.

Constitutional Hardball and Constitutional Crises, 26 Quinnipiac L. Rev. 579 (2008), SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1141538.

Brown, Social Movements, and Social Change, in CHOOSING EQUALITY: ESSAYS AND NARRATIVES ON THE DESEGREGATION EXPERIENCE, Robert L. Hayman Jr. and Leland Ware, eds. (Penn State Press 2008).

Original Meaning and Constitutional Redemption, 24 Const. Commentary 427 (2007), SSRN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=987060

Abortion and Original Meaning, 24 Const. Commentary 291 (2007), SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=925558.

13 Ways of Looking at Dred Scott, SSRN, 82 Chicago Kent L. Rev. 49 (2007)(with Sanford Levinson), http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=968975

How New Genetic Technologies Will Transform Roe v. Wade, SSRN, 56 Emory L. Rev. 843 (2007), http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=964508

The Processes of Constitutional Change: From Partisan Entrenchment to the National Surveillance State, 75 Fordham Law Review 489 (2006)(with Sanford Levinson), SSRN, http://ssrn.com/abstract=930514

Online Legal Scholarship: The Medium and the Message, 116 Yale L.J. Pocket Part 20 (2006). [html pdf]

Law and the Humanities: An Uneasy Relationship, 18 Yale J. L. & Hum. 155 (2006)(with Sanford Levinson) [SSRN pdf]

Principles, Practices, and Social Movements, 154 U. Pa. L. Rev. 927 (2006)(with Reva Siegel) [Penn L. Rev. pdf pdf]

How Social Movements Change (Or Fail To Change) the Constitution: The Case of the New Departure, 39 Suffolk L. Rev. 27 (2005) [SSRN pdf Suffolk L. Rev. pdf]

“Wrong the Day It Was Decided:” Lochner and Constitutional Historicism, 85 B.U. L. Rev. 677 (2005) [SSRN pdf B.U. L. Rev. pdf]

Plessy, Brown, and Grutter: A Play in Three Acts, 26 Cardozo L. Rev. 1689 (2005) [SSRN pdf]

Deconstruction’s Legal Career, 27 Cardozo L. Rev. 719 (2005) [SSRN pdf Cardozo L. Rev. pdf]

Roe v. Wade: An Engine of Controversy, in Jack M. Balkin, ed. What Roe v. Wade Should Have Said: The Nation’s Top Legal Experts Rewrite America’s Most Controversial Decision 3-27 (New York University Press 2005).

Judgment of the Court and Comment in Jack M. Balkin, ed. What Roe v. Wade Should Have Said: The Nation’s Top Legal Experts Rewrite America’s Most Controversial Decision 31-62, 232-36 (New York University Press 2005).

Virtual Liberty: Freedom to Design and Freedom to Play in Virtual Worlds, 90 Va. L. Rev. 2043 (2004). [SSRN  pdf Va. L. Rev. pdf]

What Brown Teaches Us About Constitutional Theory, 90 Va. L. Rev. 1537 (2004). [SSRN pdf Va. L. Rev. pdf]

Digital Speech and Democratic Culture: A Theory of Freedom of Expression for the Information Society, 79 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1 (2004). [SSRN pdf NYU L. Rev. pdf]

Respect Worthy: Frank Michelman and the Legitimate Constitution, 39 Tulsa L. Rev. 485 (2004). [SSRN pdf]

How Rights Change: Freedom of Speech in the Digital Era, 26 Sydney Law Rev. 5 (2004). [pdf]

What are the Facts of Marbury v. Madison?, 20 Const. Comm. 255 (2003)(with Sanford Levinson). [pdf]

Idolatry and Faith: The Jurisprudence of Sanford Levinson, 38 Tulsa L. Rev. 553 (2003). [SSRN pdf]

The Proliferation of Legal Truth, 26 Harv. J. Law & Pub. Pol’y 5 (2003). [pdf] [SSRN]  pdf]

The American Civil Rights Tradition: Anticlassification or Antisubordination?, 58 U. Miami L. Rev. 9 (2003)(with Reva Siegel). [pdf]. Earlier version published in Issues in Legal Scholarship, The Origins and Fate of Antisubordination Theory (2003): Article 11, http://www.bepress.com/ils/iss2/art11. [pdf]

Legitimacy and the 2000 Election, in Bush v. Gore: The Question of Legitimacy 210-228 (Bruce Ackerman, ed., Yale University Press)(2002). [pdf]

Would African Americans Have Been Better Off Without Brown v. Board of Education?, The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 35:102-06 (Spring 2002). [pdf]

The Use that the Future Makes of the Past: John Marshall’s Greatness and its Lessons for Today’s Supreme Court Justices, 43 William and Mary L. Rev. 1321 (2002) [pdf]

Understanding the Constitutional Revolution, 87 Va. L. Rev. 1045 (2001)(with Sanford Levinson) [pdf]

Legal Historicism and Legal Academics: The Roles of Law Professors in the Wake of Bush v. Gore, 90 Geo. L. J. 173 (2001)(with Sanford Levinson) [pdf]

Bush v. Gore and the Boundary Between Law and Politics, 110 Yale L. J. 1407 (2001). [pdf]

Brown v. Board of Education: A Critical Introduction, in Jack M. Balkin, ed. What Brown v. Board of Education Should Have Said: The Nation’s Top Legal Experts Rewrite America’s Landmark Civil Rights Decision 3-74 (New York University Press 2001).

Judgment of the Court and Comment, in Jack M. Balkin, ed. What Brown v. Board of Education Should Have Said: The Nation’s Top Legal Experts Rewrite America’s Landmark Civil Rights Decision 77-91, 203-205 (New York University Press 2001).

Filtering the Internet: A Best Practices Model, in Protecting Our Children on the Internet: Towards a New Culture of Responsibility, (Jens Waltermann and Marcel Machill, eds., Bertelsmann Foundation Publishers)(2000)(with Beth Simone Noveck and Kermit Roosevelt). [ exec summary rtf pdf]

Legal Canons: An Introduction, in J.M. Balkin and Sanford Levinson, eds. Legal Canons 3-44 (New York University Press 2000)(with Sanford Levinson).

Constitutional Canons and Constitutional Thought, in J.M. Balkin and Sanford Levinson, eds. Legal Canons 400-433 (New York University Press 2000)(with Sanford Levinson).

Interpreting Law and Music: Performance Notes on “The Banjo Serenader” and “The Lying Crowd of Jews,” 20 Cardozo L. Rev. 1513 (1999)(with Sanford Levinson). [pdf rtf]

Free Speech and Hostile Environments, 99 Colum. L. Rev. 2295 (1999). (Another version published in Directions in Sexual Harassment Law, (Catharine A. MacKinnon and Reva B. Siegel eds., Yale University Press 2003). [html pdf]

Getting Serious About “Taking Legal Reasoning Seriously,” 74 Chicago-Kent L. Rev. 543 (1999)(with Sanford Levinson). [pdf]

The Declaration and the Promise of a Democratic Culture, 4 Widener Law Symposium Journal 167 (1999). [pdf]

How Mass Media Simulate Political Transparency, Cultural Values Vol. 3 No. 4: 393-413 (1999). [pdf] [pdf]

Law as Performance, in Law and Literature 729-751 (Michael Freeman and Andrew D. E. Lewis, eds, Oxford University Press 1999)(with Sanford Levinson). [html]

The Canons of Constitutional Law, 111 Harv. L. Rev. 963 (1998)(with Sanford Levinson). [pdf]

 The “Bad Man,” the Good, and the Self-Reliant, 78 B.U. L. Rev. 885 (1998)(with Sanford Levinson). [pdf]

The Meaning of Constitutional Tragedy, in Constitutional Stupidities/Constitutional Tragedies 121-128 (William N. Eskridge and Sanford Levinson, eds., NYU Press 1998). [html]

The Constitution of Status,106 Yale L. J. 2313 (1997). [pdf] [ html1 html2 html3 html4]

Agreements with Hell and Other Objects of Our Faith, 65 Fordham L. Rev. 1703 (1997). [pdf] [html1 html2]

Media Filters, The V-Chip and the Foundations of Broadcast Regulation, 45 Duke L. J. 1133 (1996).  [pdf] [html1 html2 html3]

Entitlements as Auctions: Property Rules, Liability Rules, and Beyond, 106 Yale L. J. 703, (1996)(with Ian Ayres). [pdf]

A Night in the Topics: The Reason of Legal Rhetoric and the Rhetoric of Legal Reason, in Law’s Stories: Narrative and Rhetoric in the Law 211-224 (P. Brooks and P. Gewirth, eds., Yale Univ. Press 1996). [pdf] [html]

Deconstruction, in A Companion to the Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory, (D. Patterson, ed., Basil Blackwell 1996). [pdf]

Interdisciplinarity as Colonization, 53 Washington and Lee L. Rev. 949 (1996). [pdf] [html]

How to Win Cites and Influence People, 71 Chicago-Kent L. Rev. 843 (1996)(with Sanford Levinson). [pdf]

Taking Text and Structure Really Seriously: Constitutional Interpretation and the Crisis of Presidential Elligibilty, 74 Tex. L. Rev.237 (1995)(with Jordan Steiker and Sanford Levinson). [pdf]

Populism and Progressivism as Constitutional Categories, 104 Yale L. Rev. 1935 (1995). [html1 html2 html3]

Ideology as Cultural Software, 16 Cardozo L. Rev. 1221 (1995).

Constitutional Grammar, 72 Tex. L. Rev. 1771 (1994)(with Sanford Levinson). [pdf]

Being Just With Deconstruction, 3 Social and Legal Studies 393 (1994). [pdf] [html]

Transcendental Deconstruction, Transcendent Justice, 92 Mich. L. Rev. 1131 (1994). [html1 html2 html3 pdf]

Understanding Legal Understanding: The Legal Subject and the Problem of Legal Coherence, 103 Yale L. J. 105 (1993). [pdf html1 html2 html3]

Ideological Drift and the Struggle over Meaning, 25 Conn. L. Rev. 869 (1993). [html]

The American System of Censorship and Free Expression, in Patterns of Censorship Around the World 155-72 (I. Peleg, ed., Westview Press, 1993).

What is a Postmodern Constitutionalism?, 90 Mich. L. Rev. 1966 (1992). [pdf]

(A) Just Rhetoric?, 55 Mod. L. Rev. 746 (1992). [pdf]

Ideology as Constraint, 43 Stan. L. Rev. 1133 (1991). [pdf]

The Promise of Legal Semiotics, 69 Tex. L. Rev. 1831 (1991). [pdf]

Law, Music, and Other Performing Arts, 139 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1597 (1991)(with Sanford Levinson). [html1 html2 html3 html4 pdf]

Ideological Drift, in Action and Agency (1991)(R. Kevelson, ed.).

Some Realism about Pluralism: Legal Realist Approaches to the First Amendment, 1990 Duke L. J. 375. [html1 html2 pdf] [pdf]

Nested Oppositions, 99 Yale L. J. 1669 (1990). [pdf] [pdf]

The Rhetoric of Responsibility, 76 Va. L. Rev. 197 (1990). [pdf]

Tradition, Betrayal, and the Politics of Deconstruction, 11 Cardozo L. Rev. 1623 (1990). [html1 html2 pdf]

The Hohfeldian Approach to Law and Semiotics, 44 U. of Miami L. Rev. 1117 (1990) [pdf] [pdf]; earlier version published as The Hohfeldian Approach to Legal Semiotics, 3 Law and Semiotics 31 (1989). [pdf]

Turandot’s Victory, 2 Yale J. of Law and the Humanities 299 (1990). [pdf] [pdf]

The Domestication of Law and Literature, 14 Law and Social Inquiry 787 (1989).

The Footnote, 83 Nw. U. L. Rev. 275 (1989).  [html1 html2 html3] [pdf]

The Rule of Law as a Source of Constitutional Change, 6 Const. Comm. 21 (1989).

Constitutional Interpretation and the Problem of History, 63 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 911 (1988). [pdf]

Too Good To Be True: The Positive Economic Theory of Law, 87 Colum. L. Rev. 1447 (1987). [pdf]

Deconstructive Practice and Legal Theory, 96 Yale L. J. 743 (1987). [html1 html2 html3 pdf]

Federalism and the Conservative Ideology, 19 The Urban Lawyer 459 (1987).

Taking Ideology Seriously: Ronald Dworkin and the CLS Critique, 55 U.M.K.C. L. Rev. 392 (1987).

The Crystalline Structure of Legal Thought, 39 Rutgers L. Rev. 1 (1986). [pdf]

Learning Nothing and Forgetting Nothing: Richard Epstein and the Takings Clause, 18 The Urban Lawyer 707 (1986).

Ideology and Counter-Ideology from Lochner to Garcia, 54 UMKC L. Rev. 175 (1985).